Frank Loy was Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs from 1998 to January 2001. His portfolio included human rights, the promotion of democracy, refugees and population issues, international law enforcement, the environment, and he served as chief U.S. climate negotiator. He was a senior official in the State Department in two earlier administrations. From 1981 to 1995 he was president of The German Marshall Fund of the US, an American foundation dealing with political, economic and environmental issues concerning the U.S. and Europe. From 1989 on, much of GMF’s program was focused on the Central and Eastern European nations that had been under Soviet domination. From 1970 to 1979 he was engaged in the business sector, first as Senior Vice President of Pan American Airways and then in the successful effort to bring the bankrupt Penn Central Railroad Corp., then the largest bankruptcy in U.S history, out of bankruptcy. He ended as president of the solvent, New York Stock Exchange-listed successor company. He has been chair of a number of non-profit boards, including the Environmental Defense Fund, the League of Conservation Voters, Resources for the Future, and PSI, a family planning and health organization operating in almost 60 developing countries (current chair). He remains currently on the boards of EDF, RFF, and PSI, and serves also on the boards of The Nature Conservancy and C2ES. He is a graduate of UCLA and the Harvard Law School. He is married to Dale Haven Loy, a painter, and has two children and four grandchildren.